In the realm of property law, partition actions are a vital mechanism for resolving disputes over jointly owned property. In Colorado, like in other states, these legal actions provide a structured method for co-owners to either divide or sell shared property. This article explores what partition actions entail and how to navigate them within the legal framework of Colorado.

What is a Partition Action?

A partition action is a legal process used to divide a property owned by two or more parties who are unable to agree on its use or disposition. There are two main types of partition actions: partition in kind (physical division of the property) and partition by sale (selling the property and dividing the proceeds).

Legal Basis for Partition Actions in Colorado

Colorado law provides a framework for partition actions under the Colorado Revised Statutes. These statutes govern how partition actions are filed, processed, and resolved in court.

Initiating a Partition Action in Colorado

To initiate a partition action in Colorado, one must file a lawsuit in the county where the property is located. The process typically involves legal documentation outlining the ownership and proposed method of partition. It’s advisable to engage a lawyer experienced in real estate law to navigate this complex process.

The Role of Courts in Partition Actions

In Colorado, courts play a crucial role in overseeing partition actions. The court evaluates the property, the relationship between co-owners, and decides the most equitable method of partition – whether by physical division or by sale.

Partition in Kind vs. Partition by Sale

The choice between partition in kind and partition by sale depends on various factors, including the nature of the property and the interests of the co-owners. Partition in kind is preferred when the property can be fairly divided, while a sale is considered if the division is impractical or unfair.

Valuation and Division of Property

Valuation is a critical component of partition actions. The court may appoint a commissioner or expert to appraise the property. Equitable division is based on each co-owner’s share and contribution to the property.

Resolving Disputes in Partition Actions

Disputes in partition actions often arise over the valuation of property or the method of partition. Mediation or arbitration can be effective in resolving these conflicts outside of court.

Practical Considerations and Tips

When navigating a partition action in Colorado, it’s important to:

  1. Understand your rights and obligations as a co-owner.
  2. Keep detailed records of any contributions to the property.
  3. Consider alternative dispute resolution methods.
  4. Consult with a real estate attorney experienced in Colorado law.


Partition actions in Colorado are complex legal processes requiring careful navigation and understanding of property law. Seeking professional legal advice is crucial in these situations.